The Microsoft.NET Framework 4 is Microsoft’s complete and unified programming paradigm to create applications with aesthetically attractive user experiences, smooth and secure communication, as well as the capacity to simulate a variety of business activities. It installs the.NET Framework components needed to operate on the target hardware and operating system. .NET Framework 4 is essential to execute and create a program that targets the .NET Framework 4.
The .NET Framework 4 coexists with previous Framework versions. Applications built on prior versions of the Framework will keep running on the default version.
The Microsoft.NET Framework 4 includes new and improved features, such as enhancements to the Common Language Runtime (CLR) and the Base Class Library (BCL). It has better performance for background trash collection, multicore support, and profile server attachment. Statement lambdas, automatic line continuations, flexible dispatch, optional arguments, etc., are the Visual Basic and C# language innovations.
ASP.NET enhancements offer additional HTML control, element IDs, and custom CSS for building standards-compliant and SEO-friendly web forms. New data stream functionalities are Entity Framework 4 compatibility, query filters, entity layouts, validation, and template tools, which can be readily applied to current web forms.
Modifications to Windows Workflow (WF) allow developers to serve and engage with workflows more successfully. Upgraded activity programming model, designer environment, new flowchart modeling style, larger activity palette, workflow-rules connectivity, and new message correlation functions are among them.
Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) enhancements include implementation for WCF Workflow Services, which allows workflow applications to include messaging operations, along with correlation support. It also introduces additional WCF capabilities such as service discovery, routing mechanism, REST integration, monitoring, and efficiency. The new features include enhanced BLOB support, data binding, row count, feed customization, projections, and request pipeline improvements.
Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) upgrades feature support for the Surface 2.0 SDK, Windows 7 multi-touch, ribbon controls, and taskbar extensions. New brand controls, such as graphing control, clever editing, data grid, etc., for improving the experience for content application developers. They promote text readability, layout pixel popping, localization, and portability, as well as performance, scalability, and graphics.
Parallel loop support, Task Parallel Library (TPL), Parallel LINQ (PLINQ), and coordination data structures are some of the innovative new parallel-programming capabilities that allow developers to leverage the multi-core machines.
Other improvements are expanded n-tier functionality with self-tracking properties, configurable code generation with T4 templates, model first development, a higher designer interface, enhanced efficiency, and entity set pluralization.
The best alternative frameworks to .NET Framework 4 are Java, .NET Core, Delphi, Mono, ASP.NET, and CrossBrowdy.